After initial diagnosis the Podiatrist decides on a 'customised' prescription orthotic. This is followed by a plaster cast of the patients foot (namely a negative or 'female impression') after which the initial cast is sent to the Orthotic Fabrication Laboratory to process further. From this mould a positive or male impression is formed by pouring plaster and the result is an accurate copy of the underfoot. The Orthotist or Orthotic technician fabricates the custom Orthotic that includes all the adjustments as prescribed by the Podiatrist. Now the rigid or semi-rigid Orthotic device is ready for use by the patient. Bunions are painful bony conditions that has an underlying condition called hallux valgus (change in the angle of the fist toe). You can be born with this, or it can develop over time due to improperly fitting shoes or an inflammatory condition like arthritis. It is important to monitor for other foot changes that can develop as well. Knowing the symptoms as well as simple home treatments can help to keep the pain down. Symptoms It is important for men and women to realize that wearing dress shoes and boots, which are tapered in the toe area, can cause the bunion to worsen to the point where surgery is necessary. A bunion is a bump on the outside of your big toe. Symptoms include pain, inflammation and redness, burning and sometimes numbness. Bunions may also cause calluses, sores or ingrown toenails. Bunions actually indicate a change in the bone structure of your foot, meaning your big toe is leaning toward your second toe. Bunions are typically inherited through genetics, but they are made worse by wearing tight shoes. Scholl Footcare - Corns/Callous/Bunions Bunion Protectors - Scholl Bunion Protectors reduce friction and pressure on painful bunions and relieve pain immediately. Dual layer pad provides optimum cushioning and pressure relief. First, select your shoes with you foot health in mind Limit your use of unnaturally styled shoes to rare occasions. Even then, try to shield the areas most irritated with protective dressings (e.g. moleskin or gel pads). The more deformed your feet or demanding their work, the more they need special shoes to accommodate and protect them to avoid corns and calluses. A podiatrist will evaluate your feet to help pinpoint the problems and their causes so that they might be dealt with professionally. Periodic podiatric care can enhance your own efforts and improve your chances of successfully reducing or eliminating corns and calluses. We don’t tend to think of our feet until they exhibit some problem. These trusty, pyramid-shaped stabilizers of the body do their job virtually unthought of as we go about our tasks from day to day. But your whole body knows it when your feet hurt. Their pain is radiated to other areas disturbed by the awkward gait or tentative foot strike of the injured area. To illustrate, let’s consider the common problem of flat feet. The normal foot has nearly the same arch when it is bearing weight and when it is not. Flat feet have various degrees of arch degradation when the body’s weight is on them. Depending on the cause of your pain, changing your footwear could significantly improve your condition. You should wear rigid, supportive shoes that are not too flexible. You should avoid high heels, but wear shoes with a wedge at the heel to support your arch and distribute pressure throughout the entire foot. Orthotics, which are custom-made foot insoles, can help relieve pain in the balls of your feet associated with high arches or flat feet. For a medical condition like Morton's neuroma or RA, you can take over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications like aspirin or ibuprofen to relieve pain and reduce swelling. The medical term for a bunion is Hallux Valgus and it is one of the most common foot deformities. There is a genetic component to bunions but is typically just faulty foot mechanics like flat feet, which can be a big contributor to a bunion. However, an even larger contributor to the development of bunions is the footwear that is worn. For example, if you over-pronate, which is the rolling in of the foot at the ankle joint, you are already prone to bunions If you add tight shoes to this problem, you will most likely develop a painful bunion along with calluses and possibly a hammer toe.